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Esai Foto: Dominasi Kekuasaan Persib Bandung atas Persikab Kabupaten Bandung

 10547688_720918631287826_776922274308747194_n Syal Persib dan teman-teman semasa SMA di Ciwidey, Kabupaten Bandung.

 

Sepak bola merupakan sebuah cabang olahraga yang paling digemari oleh mayoritas masyarakat Indonesia dan juga Indonesia dikenal memiliki jumlah pendukung fanatik yang besar, dan salah satunya adalah suporter Persib Bandung yang dijuluki Bobotoh. Kelompok suporter Persib Bandung ini, tidak hanya berasal dari penduduk Kota Bandung saja, tapi juga berasal dari berbagai daerah yang diantaranya adalah dari Kabupaten Bandung, seperti foto teman saya diatas. Namun ironisnya, salah satu klub sepak bola yang ada di Kabupaten Bandungn sendiri, yakni Persikab yang merupakan akronim dari Persatuan sepakbola Kabupaten Bandung memiliki jumlah suporter yang sangat sedikit bahkan menjadi salah satu alasan mengapa klub sepak bola ini tergolong pasif.

Dalam analisis saya, hal tersebut dikarenakan Persib Bandung sudah menjadi klub sepak bola yang telah merepresentasikan warga Bandung, bahkan menjadi simbol perjuangan rakyat pribumi Indonesia karena telah berdiri sejak zaman kolonialisme Belanda di Indonesia atau tepatnya pada 1933 sedangkan Persikab baru terbentuk pada tahun 1963. Hal tersebut melahirkan sebuah kelompok sosial yang memiliki identitas kuat yang terbentuk dari kesamaan pengalaman dan penderitaan dalam kurun waktu dan tempat tertentu yang sama pula. Seperti yang dinyatakan oleh Jane Pilcher:

According to Mannheim, people are significantly influenced by the socio-historical environment (in particular, notable events that involve them actively) of their youth; giving rise, on the basis of shared experience, to social cohorts that in their turn influence events that shape future generations.” (Pilcher, 1933)

Meskipun seharusnya masyarakat penggemar sepak bola yang berdomisili di kabupaten Bandung memiliki keinginan untuk mendukung klub dari wilayahnya sendiri karena memiliki modal lingkungan sosial-historis yang sama, namun kesamaan pengalaman tersebut kurang representatif untuk membentuk suatu kelompok sosial yang masif. Hal tersebut ditambah lagi dengan pengaruh dari identitas Persib Bandung yang tidak hanya dapat merepresentasikan klub sepak bola Kota Bandung saja, tetapi juga dapat merepresentasikan Jawa Barat yang mana diantaranya adalah Kabupaten Bandung. Hal tersebut mengindikasikan bahwa kelompok sosial yang masif tidak serta-merta terbentuk hanya dari kesamaan dimensi geografis dan waktu saja, tetapi juga diperkuat oleh ikatan sosiohistoris yang senasib.

Hal diatas juga menyebabkan Persib Bandung dan pendukungnya memiliki kuasa dominasi terhadap pendukung-pendukung klub lokal asal Bandung yang lain seperti Persikab. Sepengalaman saya, ketika seorang warga kota Bandung ataupun Jawa Barat tidak mendukung Persikab dan memilih mendukung Persib Bandung, maka akan menjadi hal yang tabu dan menimbulkan pertanyaan diantara teman sekitarnya karena hal tersebut melawan wacana kuasa yang berlaku di masyarakat. Namun sebaliknya, jika ada warga yang berdomisili di Kabupaten Bandung yang mendukung Persib, maka itu merupakan sebuah hal yang lumrah dan dapat dibenarkan oleh masyarakat pada umumnya sampai-sampai bermunculan kelompok-kelompok suporter Persib yang berbasis di daerah Kabupaten Bandung seperti Bobotoh Soreang, Bobotoh Ciparay dan sebagainya. Hal tersebut dapat dikatakan sebagai hegemoni budaya. Seperti yang diutarakan oleh Ballard (2002 : 14) hegemoni merupakan hasil dari proses yang mana para anggota dari kelompok dominan memiliki keyakinan tertentu untuk membenarkan posisi mereka. Dalam konteks kasus ini, para pendukung Persib sebagai pemilik kuasa dominan membenarkan para pendukung Persib yang berasal dari luar kota Bandung.

Dalam menjaga kuasa dominasinya, kelas dominan tidak serta merta harus melakukan pemaksaan dalam menjamin kuasanya tersebut tetap ada. Kelas dominan juga menggunakan cara-cara terselubung tanpa disadari oleh masyarakat. Dalam konteks kasus ini, saya melihat Persib dan para pendukungnya menanamkan identitas kesundaan yang sangat besar sehingga dapat menjaring lebih banyak lagi orang dengan latar belakang pengalaman yang sama. Hal ini juga terbukti ketika saya menulis dalam laman pencarian Google, “Urang Sunda wajib” dan rekomendasi yang pertama muncul adalah “ngadukung Persib” yaitu bahasa Sunda untuk mendukung Persib. Hal tersebut membuktikan bahwa banyak orang yang melakukan pencarian dengan kata kunci tersebut dengan mesin pencari Google. 

 

Daftar Referensi:

Jane Pilcher, (1933). “Mannheim’s Sociology of Generations: An Undervalued Legacy”

Latif, Yudi. Inteligensia Muslim Dan Kuasa: Genealogi Inteligensia Muslim Indonesia Abad Ke-20. Bandung: Mizan, 2005. Print.

Mannheim, Karl (1952). “The Problem of Generations”. In Kecskemeti, Paul. Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge: Collected Works, Volume 5. New York: Routledge

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The Old Man no More Dying

Dying. A father worked for his children was dying. A couple that loved each other and thinking that they had the most blessed life were dying. Or even a newborn baby with his first crying was dying. Everyone was dying if dying means a process for approaching death. And so we were. We were all approaching death. Included him, he had been dying too.

And in this term of dying, some of us pretended to forget that we are dying and I never knew someone who tried to do that as hard as Mr. Sambas. I usually called him Om Sam. People who know them dare not to say him Kek or even Pak to him even though his hair almost all white and his wrinkle all over his skin. I expected he was about 66 years old or even more.

On that day, the Warteg was quite busy because it was about 5 o’clock in the evening. Our Warteg was located in the slum of the Jakarta suburb, among the offices and the factories buildings. Some workers from the banker, taxi driver, the salesman, and laborer or the other, finally having time for relaxation before going back to their own family or continuing their overtime work. It was the time when the smell of coffee and the smoke of cigarette full-fill the room and covering the worst smell of the working class sweat here. At the one corner of the room, the chair sets half-rounded for about 8 men there who were sitting while talking about a news program on the TV informing the quick-count result of the Indonesia’s Presidential election.

“We still need SBY for the next five years,” said the first worker-man while looking to the TV screen.

“No. He is so tired to rule this abnormal country. Even his under-eye bags
has the other bags”, said his friend while laughing but still also looking at the TV screen.

“I don’t even care who will become the president.” said the other man

“Why don’t you care?” asking the first man who began the conversation

“If the chosen president is the ideal one, could I still have money without going to work? Is the difference will be that significant? Well, I don’t think so.” And no one responded that last argument. This chair set was set for them who didn’t bring the topics to the Warteg. The old, dusty TV screen became the central focus of their vision and talking without looking the listener was a normal thing for them.

In the right corner, there was also a full-round chair set surrounding the square wooden table. It was the group where everyone could talk about someone’s sin, about the national political and security or about the ghost that stealing money, true story, fake story—everything but a preach. There are no more the banker, the taxi driver, the salesman or whoever they were before—they were only the storyteller, the sinner, and the listener when they sat in this corner of Warteg.

But something had changed in the Warteg lately. There was an empty chair among the other filled-chair in this democratic-liberal corner, the right corner of the Warteg. The frail green plastic chair without the backrest that moors to one side of the Warteg’s wall where the Old Man usually reclined his crooked back to it lately lost its owner. This corner of Warteg was never as vivid as before since that Old Man left the chair alone.

I was not the one who sat there with him, I only saw and listened to him from my office, through the steam of the hot chicken soup above the or through the glass desk with white transparent curtain while listening to what they were talking about. And when the Old Man taking his part to tell the story, I began leaning my head to the source of the voice. I hated when sometimes the sound of the fan—the old, dirty, dying fan covered his voice. When I did this irresponsible habit, I left the business mostly to my co-worker, Surti—a quite beautiful, diffident Javanese girl. She wore the floral skirt with yellow, or blue or green Pollo shirt every day she worked like she had a dress code

“Nasi nganggo endog, tahu tempe digawe seporsi mas, ya” with his Jogja dialect, he ordered the food. After I finished his order, I neared to the right corner of the Warteg and I found that He had been ended the story. Well, I hate my customer sometimes.

The square wooden table in the Warteg seems becoming his platform to glorifying his wonderful past. He was the oldest person in the Warteg and as I could remember, he was the oldest customer in the Warteg too. It’s about six years since the first time he knew this place. And I think that’s the reason why people here having so much respect for him.

Sometimes, he told us every war that he was ever in as the ex-member of TNI-AD and my favorite story was when he told about the Seroja Operation, the biggest TNI’s military operation. For many times, I never reach the end of this story.
The Warteg itself for the Old Man is not only the place for he stopped by, but it is the place where he felt alive the most. In one conversation I ever heard him talking about his family.

“Just stay here a little bit longer, Bud”, the Old Man talked to his friend Budi, a Taxi driver

“I am sorry, my wife called me that I should go home right now” Budi replied.

“Well, go then. If my late wife was still alive, I’ll go home immediately too.”

“Well thank you, you used to be a good husband I guess.” “See you!”

“Well, it’s you and me again, Karso” He talked to me like he knew that I was looking at him for the first time.

“Yeah, Om. But, is this okay for you to going home this late?”

“Why not? No one cares. I live with my cat now and I think my cat would never care to me as long as I feed him well.” He answered without looking at me. He looks down but I can see his smile in his face trying hard to cover his wrinkled skin all over his face.
There was the time when I had so much sympathy for him, and so people in the Warteg does. But not until that night was coming.

It began when Surti and I were going to close the Warteg. As the other night, our last customer was the Old Man and he seemed to enjoy his last coffee that night. I left the Warteg for a while to buy a pack of cigarette to the mini market across the street. That night was quiet and the wind was blown so hard and cold. Maybe it was also the reason why I need the cigarette. When I was back to the Warteg, how surprised I am when founding Surti was crying on the floor.

“Surti! What Happened Surti? Are you all right” I asked her in a rush

“Mas Karso, That Old Man molested me, He hug me from behind and kissing me,” her crying even louder than before, “I asked him to stopped, I cried and cried but he still didn’t let me,”

“Are you sure that it was him, Surti?”

“Yeah, I am sure, but he looked crazy, he seems didn’t see me as Surti, even he called me Surinah, he said that I am Surinah, his wife” Surti still crying. I could imagine how shocked she was that night. A good, coy maid like her was never imagines that kind of thing would happen to her.

When she stopped her crying, I accompanied her to her rent house and I give her support as I could to make her relief from that unexpected, strange accident before.
Since that night, I never see The Old Man again. People in the Warteg asked us about his condition. But, Surti and I had been agreed that we would not talk that accident to everyone to keep Surti’s honor as a young maiden.

For next days since that night, there are so many questions on my mind. Who is that old man, actually? Perhaps we know that he was an ex-member of a soldier who felt lonely because his members of his family left him. But, that’s all I know about him. For six years he came to our place routinely but is that all about him? We don’t even know what is his name and where does he live?

I was very sad that day. But, I recognize one thing that no one can hide that they were dying, and it would be getting worse day by day, included the Old man. Included you and I. The old man gave us the lesson for you and me.

FASA/1989-182: A Four-Legged (should not) Admire a Two-Legged

No one would remain forever in the classroom as long as them. The students and the lecturers would leave the classroom as soon as they could—immediately as the bell was ringing almost running, they down the stairs.

And so were the janitors and the custodians, in every weekday, the things were always the same for them: to leave the college building after each classroom was cleaned and the chair was arranged in certain position.

But, there was no human being would spend her or his time, each night and day in the classroom of this college building, watching every single thing inside the classroom. Therefore, neither no one would talk that it was impossible to see that they—a group of chairs, were talking when humans were not around them.

It was a Thursday night in the last week of the second semester, and tomorrow would be a judgment day for every chair in the classroom. Some of them—the wrecked, rusty or bad-looking chairs, would be taken out of the class.

In the second row near the window and the door, the two leftmost chairs were talking to each other in the middle of a dark, silent night.

“How if I tell my deepest feeling toward her tomorrow?” the oldest chair in the class—the silver-painted student chair asked to his younger companion, a glossy black-painted student chair.

“Don’t be silly. You’ve been here since 1989, and now you will ruin all the vows that we’ve been made as chairs, won’t you? And you’re the most blessed chair I’ve ever known. You’re once in a blue moon. For 27 years and 27 times, you passed all the eliminations,” said the younger chair.

“Yeah, I know. Thank God—and of course thank all the joiners and the carpenters all over the world. But boy, have you been in love before?”

“Yeah, of course, I’m falling in love with FIB/2012-079,” he mentioned the number which is stamped in the backrest of a female chair back there—about three rows apart from them. It had been their habit to take the number on their backrest as their name. “and my point is, I’m in love with a chair, the same being with us.”

“Then what should I do? Give up to this unfair condition? And I do believe in destiny—I’m her special chair since the first time she entered this class until now after she has become one of the lecturers in this college. God keeps me stay here to give me more chance with her.”

“And perhaps tomorrow your chance will be all over.”

“Why are you guys—the youngsters nowadays—always very pessimistic with anything? Can you become more optimistic sometimes?”

“Well, old-man, perhaps we come from a very different age. I’m just trying to make everything easier for you. The easier way for your old rusty screw, isn’t it good for you?”

“You mean an instant way, eh? You, the generation of yours, are just too mellow and I think it has something to do with how God created you with the industrial-instant mass production way.”

“Slow-down, old-man, we’re just talking about a girl—I mean a woman, or even worse, a married woman. However, we are still the same creature, a chair.”

“No, you’re just a robotic chair generation without heart and chairity,” he meant to humanity in a chair term.

“Well, then tomorrow you will reveal to this human that you, a chair, love her. And once again, forgive my cynical way of thinking, but I think this human will run out of class and then jump from the second floor even before you finished your first sentence,” the younger chair said in a slow tempo and with several stresses in some parts in order to show how sure he was.

“Well, that is the worst scenario that can happen, from you—a young boy,from a pessimistic, realistic and hopeless generation of today. Can you, just for a while, become a little bit more positive of something?”

“Well, let’s say that this woman will understand you and she will love you too. But, I think you still remember that God will punish, with a very bad suffering, a chair who show human their ability to talk, to listen, to think, and to feel. Our duty from God as a chair is only to be sat by humans, no more than that”.

“Yeah, perhaps you’re right, no more than that. But, screw god, at least she knows all my feelings toward her. I will…”

In a sudden, the door was opened in one immediate motion. All the wind of night was blowing so hard into the class and it seemed trying to deliver something from the outside.

“I hear all of them. You don’t need to speak anything to me, tonight or tomorrow. Because now, I already know,” she whispered while she down his knee and leanedhis head over that one particular chair.

The night inside the classroom never became so silent like that night, right after the woman ended her whisper.

Preference: “Rico de Coro” by Dewi Lestari

This-Stunning-Girl

I walk in the garden upon the blue skies, tweeting birds and a curve of the rainbow. My morning never be like this before, because this is the first time I see that stunning girl, sitting there, on the grass without worrying her skirt get dirty. Unconsciously, I stop walking. Still and rigid. I almost forget to breathe. But, I make her as my motivation for inhaling and back alive.
In the next stage, after being so hard dying for breathing, I took five paces toward her. But well, it still needs about dozen paces to get in there—the normal distance for someone can possibly talk, gently, with a girl. But, I still that is the best I can do. No more moving feet or maybe I will faint in the third continuing step.
Oh god, I know that the rainbow never touches the earth. So, she is. But let me see you in the next rain at least.

One Paragraph Story – Old Man in Angkot

An injured old man in angkot

           I met an injured old man incidentally in angkot when I was going home to Soreang. He wore simple and worn clothes. He looked like covered his tired and pain behind his smile when he looked at me, the one who sat next to him, while some of the passenger was trying to glance to his injured foot. A few minutes later, a man who sat front of me asked to the old man about his injured feet. The old man answered that he was a construction worker until he got a work accident two weeks ago, a fallen rock broke his feet and he would go to the hospital on that day. That story made some of us felt compassion and gave him a few rupiahs at least for his fare. Finally, I came out from angkot and he thanked me again for the fare that I gave.

A kind of autobiography.

As an innominate legend, it is a usual condition if all of you, the anonymous reader, don’t know who I am or even just to hear my name before. Rather, it is not important at all to know who I am. I am just another normally person who sleep at night and wake up because light. The exception is if the person, an innominate legend, becomes a legend from the unknown list. It’s rather important for you, the reader, to know me. It’s some advantage for you who read this autobiography or a kind of it. You know the ‘’legend’‘ before that ”legend“ becomes a true legend.

My name is Riva Perdana Sidi. I live in Bandung, Indonesia. I was born at September 14th 1996. I am eighteen years old. I have interest for music and football and just don’t ask me my idea, please. But well, if you require me to answer that question, I will answer it. I just want to be a person that however, his presence can affect the world he lives on even just a little bit.

It’s been two paragraphs only I wrote. Well, now I am getting tired to pretend that I am a professional novelist, writer or a kind of it but from now, I will have some more respectful about their job. What a tiredly job.